Experts from Eco Mosaic were commissioned to participate in the preparation of the National Air Protection Plan of Republic of Macedonia
According to the Law on Ambient Air Quality (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 67/04, changed and amended in No. 92/07, 35/10 and 47/11), the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning prepares the National Ambient Air Protection Plan (http://www.moepp.gov.mk) which is adopted by the Government of Republic of Macedonia and is in compliance with the requirements of the Convention on Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution (implemented through its eight protocols).
The expert team of Eco Mosaic participated in the preparation of the National Plan, and in the analysis of data of polluting substances emissions from the Industry sector, including the three industrial sectors (mining, processing industry, electricity generation) and construction, covering 400 industrial installations located in 8 planning regions in Republic of Macedonia.
The industry is responsible for about 28 % of the total annual emissions of sulphur dioxide, for about 14% of total annual emissions of nitrogen oxides, and it also contributes (38 %) to the annual emissions of volatile organic compounds and it contributes for the creation of almost 60% of the annual quantity of particulate matter. Coal as an energy source has a share of 80% and heavy oil of 7% of the total annual consumption of fuels, all this being result of the operation of the energy production industry (Thermal Power Plant Bitola, Thermal Power Plant Oslomej), while the combustion of different types of fuels in the most present industrial branches in Macedonia directly affects the annual emissions of polluting substances.
The sectors of energy, industry and transport as most significant sources of emissions of polluting substances were analyzed in detail and their share in the polluting substances emissions was determined. Continuous monitoring of air quality, of emissions from different stationary and mobile sources, projections of the development of the key economic sectors and different scenarios and simulations of expected concentrations of polluting substances, regular monitoring of the introduction of emission reduction measures and monitoring the health risk caused by the air quality deterioration are all future challenges for all competent institutions and participants in the environment protection in Republic of Macedonia and in the creation of sustainable development of the community.